All puppies are wormed before going to their new home. I highly recommend
that you have your puppy's stool checked twice during the first month of
bringing the puppy home. Ask your vet to check for coccidiosis, giardia, and
worms. Loose stools during transition can be a sign of Giardia or Coccidia.
These are one cell organisms that can cause loose stools. Our puppies are
checked before shipping but many parasites can remain dormant in the intestines
of puppies until the puppy is stressed. The stress of surgery, traveling, and
adjusting to the new home can bring these to an active state. A dormant parasite
cannot be diagnosed. In addition, we recommend checking the puppy stool more
than once because these tests are only approximately 80% accurate. Parasites can
become life threatening if not diagnosed and treated.
Heart Worm, Flea & Tick Control
Talk to your vet about proper flea control
for your area.
I give Sentinel for heartworm preventative on the 1st of the
month. I apply Parastar for flea and tick preventative on the 15th of the month.
I do not use any products that target external parasites in combination with
heartworm prevention. It is my belief that those products are too strong for our
tiny toy dogs. I try to space all products out as much as possible and also
avoid giving more than one vaccine at a time.
You should clean the ears two
times monthly with a gentle ear cleaner. If you own cats, swab the ears of your
puppy with mineral or baby oil twice a month. This should help prevent your
puppy from getting ear mites from your cat.
I also treat my yards with a
pesticide. I do not treat the area where my pets go out on the grass but all of
the outlying areas are treated. It is very important that you check with your
vet to be sure any products you use on the yard are safe to be used in
conjunction with the product you use on your pet.
Avoid These Household
There are a few things that you need to watch for to ensure the
safety of your Pom. You should never leave your Pom unsupervised outside.
Puppies are curious, wandering about to investigate their surroundings, and you
can never be sure what they will come into contact with. It is important to keep
your puppy off balconies, high decks, raised porches, and other elevated
Keep all chemicals such as cleaning supplies, detergent, bleach,
paint and thinner, fertilizer, disinfectant, insect and rodent repellent, and
antifreeze stored in a secure area. Be sure that your Pom cannot gain access to
these and other chemicals.
Keep poisonous houseplants out of reach of your
puppy or even better, remove them completely. Some common poisonous houseplants
Didffenbachia (Dumb Cane)
There are also foods that are harmful to your Pom:
May cause vomiting, abdominal pain and/or diarrhea:
May cause varied reactions:
Tomato/Potato Leaves and Stems
(if toxic to humans)
To see a list of Plants and Human Foods to avoid with your Pomeranian please
check this page:
use electrical pads or blankets in your puppy's bed, and keep electrical
cords covered or out of reach Chewing electrical cords can cause mouth burns,
electrocution, or fire. It is also a good idea to use plug covers when outlets
are not in use.
Keep all plastic bags away from your Pom. He could be
trapped inside and suffocate. He could also chew the bag and
swallow small pieces of the plastic which could cause choking or be harmful to his digestive
Ribbons or Collars around your puppy's neck can be very dangerous. He
could catch these on something and choke. He could also chew and swallow these
which could cause digestive problems.
Choosing Pet Insurance:
Just as health insurance is a necessity for you and
your family, it is also an essential choice for your puppy. Pet Health Insurance
can greatly benefit your puppy's overall health and longevity by allowing for
care you might otherwise not be able to provide. Catastrophic Coverage
additional coverage choice that can eliminate many tough choices that pet owners
may be forced to otherwise face when their pet needs surgery or other critical
There is a wide variety of coverage available and a great number of
companies to choose from. Speak with your veterinarian about the best options
available for you and your Pom.Choosing A Groomer:
It is a good idea to learn to groom your Pom yourself and
use this as a special time for you and your Pom. Not all groomers do a great job
grooming a Pom unless they are taught Pom grooming by a Pom exhibitor.
Interview perspective groomers if it is necessary to send your Pom out for
grooming. I recommend that you personally visit a few that seem to be private
owned smaller establishments. When the owner of the business is also the
groomer, they generally care more about your happiness. Talk to the
groomer or owner and choose one that you feel comfortable with. Be sure
they understand your expectations and build a good relationship with your
There is a risk that the a Pomeranian coat will not grow back if you
shave or trim the coat short. This requires careful consideration.
Choosing to Groom your Pom yourself:
Poms go through two
coat transitions before getting their adult coats. The first puppy coat is
shed between 3 and 6 months. Then your puppy will grow another intermediate
puppy coat. That coat will get big and plush. Then the Pom will shed
again between 12 and 18 months before growing their most magnificent adult coat.
Male dogs do not shed nearly as much as female dogs other than the previously
mentioned shedding periods that are typical of all Pomeranians. I seldom notice
dog hair in my home because my Poms are groomed regularly.
You may bathe
your Pom puppy weekly. As your Pom matures, you may find that they only need a
bath once monthly. Choose a good oatmeal or baby shampoo. If your dog has
an oily coat, non-ultra dawn dish soap will help remove the oil from the coat.
I also use a dab of dawn dish soap around the ears to remove those natural
oils. Those oils cause clumping and will cause mats which are painful to
remove. Always brush and comb out your Pomeranian before bathing and again
while blowing dry. When done, you should be able to easily comb through all the
coat, down to the skin.
During the spring shed, comb out and bathe
carefully at least once weekly for 2-3 weeks to prevent hair in the house. I use
a fine tooth comb to remove the undercoat. You should not shave your Pom!! There
is risk that a Pom's coat will not grow back after shaving.
Keeping your puppy's nails clipped to the proper length is essential
to his health and comfort. Nails should be trimmed every other week and kept
short. Leaving nails too long can lead to arthritis later in life. Long nails
will break down the joints in the lower leg (pasterns) and damage the legs. A
low rpm (5,000 to 10,000 rpm) cordless dremmel works well to file the nails down
- you would need to do this every week to keep the nails short. You only press
it to the tip of the nail for a few seconds, remove, and then press again.
Continue this process until you see the tip of the quick(a small pink spot).
You do not want to just hold it to the nail or it will got hot. Electric
dremmels are too powerful for grinding Pomeranian toe nails.
If your puppy is prone to a slight eye discharge, wipe the eyes daily with a
water dampened and well wrung out cloth
or use Angel Eyes Tear Stain Wipes. I
notice this mostly during the windy times of year.
Click to order Angel Eyes Tear Stain Wipes
You can also sprinkle Angel Eyes Powder on their food or
use Angel Eyes Tear Stain Soft Chews.
Click to order Angel Eyes Tear Stain Soft Chews
I use Angel Eyes Plus Tear Stain
Wipes and Angel Eyes Plus Soft Chews as needed.
Remember that Angel
Eyes prevents future stains from forming. It can take 6 weeks for existing
stains to go away completely
is known to resolve many minor dermatological
conditions including itchy dry skin, dandruff, flushes out infection in the hair
follicles, hot spots, skin infections, lick granulomas, acne, seborrhea, and
more. You can order it from
Shampooing every four days to a week is highly
recommended. Lather and let it sit on the skin/coat for ten minutes before
Do not let the dog lick the lather.
Trimming Your Companion Pomeranian:
You can trim under the tail some if you
find that stool is sticking to the hair. I find that if this does happen
occasionally, you can wash that area and use a little baby powder to clean up.
You can use baby wipes to keep them clean and fresh smelling all the time. If
you choose to trim, mostly trim for neatness and do not trim closer than a half
inch from the skin. You can trim a quarter size circle around the anus really
short though. It is important to understand that when the coat is trimmed
extremely short on Poms, it doesn't always grow back.
To trim the hair on the
ear, put the ear between your first finger and thumb with your thumb on the
front of the ear and your nail pointing up. Run your thumb up the front of the
ear to feel where the skin ends. Trim just above the top of the ear leather with
only a slight curve. You can basically follow the shape of the top of your thumb
nail but do not trim down the side of the ear.
a long toothed medium/coarse comb, a small fine/medium comb, a pin brush, a
scissor, and a nail trimmer or dremmel.
Do You Want To Trim Your Pom To Look Like A Show Pom?
The following is an excellent video to help you learn grooming
techniques. You will not use every technique (like all the
powder). I don't even do that with my show Poms but you will
learn lots of technique from this video.
"Grooming and Trimming The Pomeranian"
by Chris Heartz http://www.pcoc.net/grooming.htm
More Shopping with Char's Poms
I purchase most of the products I use from
I order the next
four grooming tools, water bottles, and show leads from
Maddan Pin Brush
I use this for brushing while the dog is dry and also while
blow drying to
separate each hair to the skin.
Order your Pin Brush today
I like the pin brushes that do not have the
little round nobbies on the
ends of the pins. Those nobbies can catch
and pull the hair.
Slicker - I order the large because it has longer pins which are
to get through a Pomeranians coat.
Click to Order your Slicker Brush today
4.5 inch Face/Finishing Comb
I use this for under the eyes, around the ears
and on the legs -
Click to Order your Face/Finishing Comb today
1/2 Inch Geib Stainless Steel Greyhound Combs Medium/Coarse
I use this
throughout the body to separate the hairs and remove tangles -
Click to Order your Medium/Coarse Comb today
Millers Forge Nail Clipper with Orange Handles
I like these large nail
clippers because they are really sharp and cut
through the nail quickly.
Click to Order your Nail Clippers today
I buy the 1.5ounce size
Click to Order your
I use this to aid in removing a tangle or mat.
It is gentler than a comb
in such circumstances.
Click to order your Ultimate Touch
order the XL size potty pad but this size will work for households with one Pom.
I put Orijen, Prime Taste Treats, potty pads, and elk antlers on auto ship.
It is so convenient. I will often go in and add a toy or two to my order
just for the fun of it.
Click to order the Potty Pads
also has a variety of toys and beds at great prices. Pictured are
some of our Poms favorite toys and beds
In The Company of Dogs
is a an online store with a great selection of high
quality items for your Pom and other dogs. They have some of the prettiest
yet functional gates and pens, beautiful beds, and a line of great toys that are
made in the USA. www.InTheCompanyOfDogs.com
How often should your Pomeranian have a dental cleaning? That is
a good question because each dog is different. Some chew on bones more than
others and those need dentals less often. This is why it is important to
encourage your young puppy to chew on bones. Then they are more likely to chew
as they get older. I encourage them to chew and the knee cap bones are wonderful
for keeping the teeth clean.
They are smoked with some of the beef left on the bone. They are great for
chipping tarter off the back teeth and keeping the teeth clean. This is the best
size for smaller breeds.
I order bones from
Some of the Poms that do not chew need a dental every 6 months. I do not like to
put my Poms under anesthetic that often so I brush teeth on the ones that are
not keeping their teeth white with chewing. I also use Petz Life products. You
can order Petz Life from Chewy
I believe that this product works well to soften the tarter and then
it scrapes off easier when the Poms eat kibble or chew on treats.
Multiple studies have shown that dry foods help to reduce
plaque and tartar formation compared to wet (canned or
Hill's ®;Prescription Diet ®
Dental Health helps to keep the plaque and tartar down on dogs teeth, when fed
as a treat. We prefer this formula for our Poms rather than the small bites
formula and we only use it as a treat. You can purchase t/d Canine Dental Health
at any Veterinarian who sells Science Diet products.
Click to order Elk Antlers
The Poms chew on these split elk antlers a lot at my house. They love them
and I like that they are mess free. They can have them anywhere and even
take them in the car. I have found them to be very safe as well.
If you want to avoid dentals completely, you really need to brush teeth at least
four times a week. It is important to start young before any tooth decay begins.
The dogs love the doggy toothpaste so this really is not a difficult choice. We
feel it is very important so we start tooth brushing while our puppies are young
making it easier for the new owners to carry on this grooming task. The brands
of doggie toothpaste that I choose are C.E.T. or Petrodex. I use all flavors
but liver - most did not like that flavor as much The pups do get their teeth
brushed here. There is technique to it so I recommend starting with the finger
toothbrush that slides over your finger - then graduating to a small toothbrush.
This kit can be ordered from
if you cannot find it locally.
A diseased mouth can also cause or worsen other
conditions such as diseases of the heart, kidney and
respiratory system. You should check your puppy's teeth
regularly. He will gradually lose his baby teeth. Your vet should extract
any remaining baby teeth at nine months of age.
cleanings, you should take on the responsibility of
cleaning your puppy's teeth.
We start this early training while the puppy is still with us so that you can
successfully care for the teeth. Experts suggest brushing a dogs teeth at least
every other day. I highly recommend brushing your Poms teeth daily whenever
After your Pom becomes accustomed to the finger brush, then
graduate to the pet dental brush, in conjunction with special toothpaste made
A puppy must have food and water through the night as well as
an appropriate place to go potty until he is six months old. Poms have tiny
stomachs and do not eat much at one time. The puppy cannot and should not hold
it all night before six months of age. In trying to make that happen, a puppy
would be at risk for low blood sugar. I know no new owner wants to risk that. A
three month old puppy requires two to three potty breaks during the night. At
that age you must leave food and water for him overnight as I do plus a potty
pad for appropriate training or you must get up with him through the night to
feed, water, and let him go potty. This is one reason why I feel that
three month old Pomeranian puppies are not ready to go to a new home.
At four months of age, a Pom puppy will need to potty once, half way through an
eight hour night. No meal is required during the night since the puppy is
now fed every eight hours. During the day the puppy should be taken to the
potty area every two to three hours plus after eating, drinking, and naps.
After each month passes, add one hour of additional time between potty breaks
until he can hold it for seven to eight hours. Once the puppy is mature and well
trained, he should never be expected to hold it more than 8 hours.
training will be easier if you do not allow the puppy to have free run of your
entire house. Litter Training Puppies
A BOOK all about the
successful litter box training of puppies.
Email Theresa at
email@example.com or visit her website
Click for Litter Box
Spaying and Neutering:
There are also some health reasons for spaying and
neutering at a young age—such as pyometra, a life threatening infection in
females. It also reduces the risk of breast cancer in females and prostate
cancer in males.
Early spaying and neutering can help with house training.
Another important reason for spaying and neutering are that it makes for a
calmer, gentler pet.
Males versus Females:
A male keeps a more beautiful coat at all times and
I love a Pom with massive coat.
My males are my favorite Poms. For me, they
are more loving and devoted to me.
I always say that the males look at their
loved ones as if the sun rises and sets on them. Nothing matters more to
I feel that the typical female Pom has a more independent personality.
If they are preoccupied, they may not rush to your side just because you want
A well-socialized puppy is a happy puppy. You should have
your pet interact with a wide variety of family members, friends, and strangers
while he is young so he learns to get along well with all kinds of people.
Socialization permanently shapes your Poms personality and how he reacts to
things in his environment. It is important to gently introduce your Pom to a
variety of new people, places, and situations. This will help your Pom to have
more confidence in his surroundings and to be less fearful of new things.
Proper socialization can be easily accomplished by taking them on family
outings, shopping, lunch, and by planning play dates with friends with toy dogs.
The more places you take him, and the more people he meets, the easier it will
be for him to take new situations in stride as he matures.
A combination of
good genetics and proper socialization can prevent fear induced barking
behavior. This is very important and one of the reasons Char's Poms are so
If you choose to socialize your Pom in puppy classes, ask the
trainer about their policy regarding vaccinations and aggressive dogs.
Prevent puppies and adults from jumping on and off furniture.
This should prevent injuries to their patellas. Teach them that if they
are placed on furniture that they must stay there until you lift them off.
Children and Pomeranians can get along just fine if the children are taught
proper behavior with the puppy. Children must learn to properly handle a
Pomeranian and only do so under direct supervision. Small children should be
encouraged to sit on the floor to hold a Pomeranian puppy. They should not carry
the Pomeranian. You should be sure that your child's friends also know how to
treat the puppy.
Planning is key! Pomeranians are for gentle loving.
When toy breed dogs are teased and tormented by children, they learn to dislike
small children. The dog will either run and hide from the child or defend
himself. If you see this type of behavior, it is past time to have a talk with
the children. Unfortunately, the dog will end up in trouble if he reacts
aggressively so be sure you have considered all this before you bring a
Pomeranian into your family.
I often hear about Pomeranians being hurt by
large breed dogs. The most common is large breed puppies that innocently hurt
toy dogs in play. Large breed puppies like to bounce around in play and could
land on a small dog causing serious injury. Always take care to protect
your Pom from larger breed dogs that are not familiar with toy breed dogs.
Hunting dogs can naturally think a Pom is the prey. LArge and small dogs can get
along just fine with proper training and supervision.
Poms need stimulus and
an environment that will enhance their intelligence and their physical being.
Provide several toys and play games with your Pom. Pomeranians love finger
I do not recommend the use of collars on Pomeranians. Collars mat the
coat around the neck. If a collar is necessary, please use a rolled leather
collar. Do not leave a collar on a dog that is not supervised. I often use a
leash and harness for taking walks.
I recommend you do a google search under shopping for "Puppia harnesses" to see
all the cute styles. These are sold in so many places that I feel that is
the best way to find the color and style you want.
I also recommend the light weight show leads
for walking. This is a light weight lead and collar combination that you simply
remove after the walk. Click
to shop for show leads
Do you have a balcony or fence with openings wide
enough for your Pom to walk through? Don't take chances with your toy-sized
dogs. An accidental fall from a balcony or escape under a fence can have
terrible consequences. Check out Puppy
. Even with Puppy Bumpers, direct supervision is necessary.
A good, but very general, book that I have read on showing
is called Dog Showing for Beginners by Lynn Hall.
There are lots of dog shows
- go to
. Click to find shows
in your state.
When the map comes up click on the state - you will get a list
of shows - "AB" stands for "all breed" and those are the shows to look at for
conformation events - you can click on the name of the kennel club to get more
information about the show.